Yesterday was the day Turkey shed away the few remaining checks and balances that made it a recognisably Western parliamentary democracy.
By November 2019, the post of prime minister will be abolished and its responsibilities transferred to the president. The holder will have vast powers: to select his party’s MPs, to appoint senior judges, and to rule by decree.
It will be much harder to keep that single office in check. Previously, MPs in parliament could vote to come together to investigate and topple any minister they suspected of wrongdoing. The process took no longer than 18 days.
That same process will take longer for the president under the new system – up to 10 months – and the number of MPs who need to vote for it has increased dramatically.